高中essay作业论文代写例子 capital punishment
I have chosen an article which has talked about whether it is correct to perform capital punishment. It is mentioned that even two centuries ago, the King in England sometimes even killed a person who had only committed petty thefts. This is not something strange or abnormal in fact because during the time when the majority of people were crazy about the flat earth and the almighty god, if a person dared to accuse god of bad actions or dared to deny their god,, they would have been killed on the gallows too. It is mentioned that capital punishment seemed to be normal and correct in the past. However, later in the 19th century, when the judge in the court were dealing with a case, the jury and the judge had reached the conclusion that punishing a person by killing him is too cruel and it might have violate that person’s right to live since all human beings are equal and committing crimes does not mean that person do not have the right to enjoy the their lives. After that, some people have been trying to find others so called more human ways of killing those who have committed crimes. For example, in the past, the only way of capital punishment is to send a person to the gallows but later they have decided that other ways of death penalty can be lethal injection or killing with electric chair.
In fact, the main idea of the article is that the death penalty has been very controversial in many countries because death penalty is murder itself and only very few countries have ruled out capital punishment. Therefore, in the article, opinions on both sides have been presented. It is stated for those who do not support capital punishment, they do not believe that capital punishment has the effect of discouraging crimes. But for those who are against this idea, they think that all nations should legalize this way of punishment because it can act as a deterrent and people are more scared of committing crimes.
But then this same question or the same statement can be argued back by laying out that idea that capital punishment itself is very primitive and barbariaertic and whoever wants to murder will still murder others so it cannot act as a deterrent.
To sum up, this topic has been arguing back and forth in the article in many ways. For example, it is stated by those who do not agree with capital punishment that this punishment has been against the basic human right and it is ridiculous to kill another person because he or she has killed others since this behavior is more like a revenge. However, although this article has presented arguments from both sides and the main argument and the main idea is that it is not human to perform capital punishment since the death penalty first can hardly stop people from committing crimes and also it is not wise to assume that killing a person can stop him or her from killing others because nowadays, most criminals even want to commit suicide and they do not care dying at all. So the author of this article mainly supports that it is not correct to kill another person just because he or she has committed crime and more human ways of punishment should be created.
In fact, I have found two other articles that have discussed the same problem. In fact, in a chapter written by Luis Arroyo Zapateo in her book Death Penalty: a cruel and inhuman Punishment, it is mentioned in a case quoted in the book. In this case, the supporters of performing death penalty on the criminals have stated that if we decide to kill one person, it is possible that we can save more than seventy lives. Especially for serial murderers, if we do not end their lives, they could escape from the prison and kill more people. (Luis Arroyo Zapateo, 2015)
However, in many cities, after they have stopped implementing death penalty, there is no decreasing or increasing of crimes, stated in a chapter in the book Death Penalty: a cruel and inhuman Punishment , death penalty cannot be the effective way of decreasing crime and no matter whether the criminals should be killed, it does not affect their motivation to commit crimes since when they have decided to commit crimes, they have already prepared to be sent in prison or to be punished. Therefore, why is it necessary to kill another person solely for revenge? (Luis Arroyo Zapateo, 2015) Also, through all these years, even in developed countries, there are a lot of criminals who were falsely accused of murdering because others have planted their fingerprints in the crime scenes or others have been paid to accuse that person. As a result, if the jury had performed capital punishment on these people, their lives will be wrongly taken. For example, in China, recently, it has been discovered that years ago, an eighteen year old boy was wrongly sent to the gallows because he was accused of killing others. However, now, the truth has been revealed and it turned out he was innocent. Their parents have lost a son who have been educating and taking care of for many years and even the Chinese government has paid a million rmb to send their condolences, it does not help bringing the innocent boy back to life. As a result, capital punishment is inhuman and absurd since it has encouraged people to have the sentiment of revenge and it does not do much good to decrease the crime rate.
However, I have found another article which has the exact opposite opinions. This article is called The Captical Punishment: A necessary part of Justice in the United States. For the author of this article, he has been more objective and stand in the viewpoint of the entire society.
It is mentioned in the article that capital punishment is essential if the law enforcement team members want to keep the society safe since keeping this way of punishment can make sure the society is just and fair. Some people who are against this idea might say capital punishment can encourage other people to have the sentiment of having revenges. (Angela Bolin, 2015) However, the ultimate goal of capital punishment is not about taking one life for another. In fact, it is mentioned that the law enforcement team uses capital punishment in order to let citizens realize that if they have the nerves to commit crimes, they should be ready to suffer from the consequences of murdering others since it means if they get caught, they will lose their lives. According to the statistics, murder rates have increased in the 1930s because in some parts, the court has decided to overturn the capital punishment. To sum up, murdering people who have committed serious crimes such as taking others’ lives is moral since its aim is to protect the majority of our society. (Angela Bolin, 2015)
In my opinion, it is indeed necessary to perform capital punishment. There are a lot of sick killers in the world and if we fail to punish these people by killing them and we only put them in the prison, it means that they will probably kill the prison guards and escape again to harm more people. For example, Robert Pickton, who was a loaded farmer but he is a horrible serial killer and after he was captured, he was only sent behind the bars. And clearly, he has killed around 49 people but he wanted to make it fifty and he failed to do that because he said he is too sloppy. As a result, for such kind of people, we never need to be human because they themselves have inflicted unbearable pain on the innocent victims’ family members. I believe that this way of punishing the criminals is morally correct since iit has represented the public hatred towards this extremely offensive crime. And a civilized society needs such way of punishment to make sure it is ordered.
To sum up, in the article the Importance of Capital punishment, the ideas from both sides have been presented and it is obvious that capital punishment can be an effective deterrent to stop people from committing crimes but at the same time, it is not human and cruel since capital punishment might cause innocent people to lose their lives. In fact, both sides are somehow reasonable since capital punishment makes sure that citizens can feel safe in the society due to this legal punishment and it is wrong to let the murderer live after he or she has taken away the lives of other innocent beings. So it is correct because of its consideration of morality. However, the other side believes it is too barbaric to assume that it is correct to brutally murder a person because of the desire of revenge. However, I believe capital punishment is necessary to keep our society safe and the public is taught that they have to lose their lives and bear the consequence if they do harm to others.
Luis Arroyo Zapateo, (2015). Death Penalty: A Cruel and Inhuman Punishment, Ediciones de la Universidad de Castilla La Mancha
Angela Bolin, (2015). Capital Punishment: A Necessary Part of Justice in the United, Available from:
http://www.examiner.com/article/capital-punishment-a-necessary-part-of-justice-the-united-states [accessed in 2015. Nov.29’]