高中essay作业代写 The topic of revenge and Justice
The topic of revenge and Justice
In the classic story Odyssey written by Homer, the topic revenge is what has been most frequently discussed about and depicted. For the main character Odyssey, in the climax of the story, it is the moment when he could finally murder all those who had pursued his wife before. When this classic work Odyssey is taught, it is usually treated like the story of a hero who had finally finished his battles to get the justice that he thinks he deserves. However, it is argued that revenge should not be treated the same as justice and what Odyssey had done is nothing relevant to the idea of justice and for Homer, he puts a lot more value on revenge than on justice since most characters think about revenge often.
In my opinion, what makes revenge and justice most different from one another is that when a person is taking revenges, he or she usually does it for personal reasons and to gain personal interests. However, if a person is doing one good deed for the sake of justice, this person usually does it for the sake of the public. In fact, a lot of people have mixed up justice and revenge because they think they are the same. Getting justice by avenging another person had been a popular idea since centuries ago. Back in the ancient time, when the law was not was systematic as that of the modern days, a lot of powerful people in the court could make use of their power to rape or kill other people.
Therefore, when a child or a lazy from the poor families was harmed by the powerful officials in the court, the only way to get justice for them is to secretly kill that person. In this case, it is true that such an action is not justice because it was against the law. However, back in the ancient time, the judges were corruptive so the ordinary citizens could not find a way to get justice for themselves so it couldn’t be counted as “revenge”.
However, for Odyssey, the fact that he killed the suitors because he hated them could not be counted as justice. On the contrary, it is the blunt revenge because he is the head of the nation which allows him to do almost all things without being punished. Therefore, when he had returned to his own nation, he could have just let the justice system punish his suitors in the morally correct way. However, he chose to kill the suitors with violence which is pure revenge. It is true that these people pursued a married woman when her husband was far away on a trip and their actions are not morally correct. However, if the male protagonist truly wanted to get justice done, he would have dealt with this issue based on the rules of equality and law. For these suitors, after all, they simply expressed their affections to the queen and they had not done so much wrong because they did not really commit anything forbidden with the queen. Therefore, these suitors might only deserve to put in the prison or to be expulsed from the court but none of them actually deserved to be murdered violently.
From this part, it is obvious that the King was not looking for justice to be done. On the contrary, he chose to punish other people’s wrongdoings by brutally killing all these people.
Also, in Homer’s story Odyssey, people would prefer to guard or to defend their honor by whatever means. For example, for those gods, they would deal with people who do not respect them or treat them the way they think they should be treated. Among all gods, the most powerful one is Zeus. It is said that all the citizens in Greek who are rational would know he cannot be offended in any manners. According to the cultural rule set by him, if a person is invited to his place, this person needs to be well taken care of such as being fed with good food and bathed. In fact, people had to do that because they are too afraid of Zeus and if they fail to complete such tasks, they will be dealt with. In the story, it is mentioned that “We will treat you, great sir, have a care for the gods; courtesy. Zeus will avenge the unoffending guest. ” This is the rule set by Zeus.
Obviously, those who do not treat the visitors well enough will be killed. From this part, it seems like Zeus had made sure that justice had been taken for people’s wrongdoings. However, it is more like the revenge because such an action was not taken to defend the public. On the contrary, it is done to defend the reputation and the honor of Zeus. Therefore, it should be counted as revenge.
In fact, I think revenge is not the same as justice because to do justice, the interest of the public is counted. However, to avenge on others, only the personal interests had been taken into account. Also, if a person is doing justice, he will do it as the way the law had required, which means fairness, morally correct choices and equality.
Barton, C, K. (1999). Getting Even: Revenge as a Form of Justice, Open Court Publishing
Sim, S. (2015). Justice and Revenge in Contemporary American Crime Fiction, Palgrave Macmillan