高中essay作业代写:Critical Essay #2 on Puddn’head Wilson by Mark Twain

Critical Essay #2 on Puddn’head Wilson by Mark Twain

From most of the comedies written by Mark Twain, the most impressive one would be the comedy like tragedy Puddn’head Wilson. In the tragic story, the author had depicted in detail at the beginning about the main character who dedicated most of his energy in exploring and studying scientific knowledge. However, the person who gets involved in the controversial issue in the story is the charming slave Roxy, who was not entirely white and thus being considered as the black woman. The shocking act that she has done had caused two men’s lives to be totally different and being “switched” as she had secretly switched the baby. The story can be analyzed from the perspective of self-justice as well as social justice.

The most dramatic part would be the dramatically different lives that her own biological son Chambers, now turned out to be the master’s son Tom, with a lot of wealth and entitled to the property. On the contrary, the real white man ended up growing in an unfair environment in which he got bullied as well as looked down upon. As a result, it led him to rob people and commit other crimes as well. In fact, one of the most important oppositions in the story is about right and wrong, law and justice. In this novel, readers are informed about that fact that black people were treated unfairly in the past. The truth is that Puddn’head Wilson was written more than a few decades after the civil war and black people were still looked down upon and treated unfairly at the time of Mark Twain. Fifty years ago before Mark Twain wrote this story, selling black people “down the river” was considered to be right or legal.(34) It is apparent that such an act is now considered as immoral as we human beings have entered the age of civilization. Apparently, what was allowed in the past was deemed to be the right things to do, which means that social justice. As a result, those who are not favored by the social justice system could end up defending themselves with the illegal actions.

However, for those who lived in Roxy’s time, if a member of their biological ancestors was considered black, they would have to wear the tag of being black forever. Although the unprivileged people had realized that such an act was immoral and injustice, they were not able to fight back against the “law” so they had to come up with other ways to save themselves from the unfair law. Although in Mark Twain’s time, white people were no longer allowed to sell black people in places they want, black ones still suffered from terrible violence. Therefore, it is obvious that the “wrong acts” had been enshrined or accepted by the law. In Roxy’s time, black people were treated unfairly and they would suffer from extreme violence due to various reasons. The sad part was that the law and the justice system did not protect people while at the time, America was known to be the nation which protected human beings’ equal right. The social justice was too wrong that the morally wrong actions are actually the right actions for these people.

Therefore, the black people had to resort to illegal acts at the aim of protecting themselves since the law and justice system indulged immoral and unfair acts. For Roxy, she knew that secretly switching two babies was not only immoral but also against the law. However, she did not do things completely obeying the law because that would mean her own biological son could be sold down the river. As a result, she needed to commit illegal acts by switching babies. She saw the law as not justice but as a black woman, the only thing she could do was to bear the humiliation and bullying from the white master. Naturally, she had to take unorthodox or illegal actions at the aim of protecting herself. Even by the end of the nineteenth century, people who were identified as the black ones are treated differently. Some of them might be like Roxy, whose appearance seemed to be completely white but since a member of her ancestors was black, she ended up being owned by white people as a slave. The racial identity as well as the different treatment was accepted in the judicial system. In the traditional forms of the law, a person’s individual profile was considered to be how this person’s future personal profile is. In the novel, the biological son Chambers of the master was unfortunately identified as the black slave. As a result, he had to bear and suffer from the terrible treatment of other people of the same age. Apparently, since he was treated unfairly by the social justice system, in order to survive, he needed to resort to illegal acts such as robbing houses. The story reached one of its climaxes when Tom took out a knife to coldly murder the judge. As he was found out to be the criminal of this murder, he was captured and put in the jail as his sentence. Obviously, his crime was deemed to be a serious one because he was the black slave. In the story, when people were settling disputes such as fighting, duels and so on, they tend to lean to the side of the white people and the black ones were always criticized to be the wrong party. As a result, the personal justice cannot be realized and the weak individuals are thus left out in the society, trying to struggle for the rights that they were not lucky enough to be born with.

To conclude, the law and justice system in the time of Roxy and her son were extremely unfair and biased. White people were indulged to commit crimes and immoral acts, for example, they were allowed to sell black people’s babies or even murder slaves. On the contrary, for black people like Roxy and the son being sold, they had to suffer from humiliation and bully which was deemed to be justice according to the law at that time. As a result, in order to protect themselves, they were not able to rely on the justice system. The only way they could try to protect themselves is to commit illegal acts such as switching babies or robbing houses. When the social justice is wrong or not fair, it is hardly possible for people to realize their personal justice without taking illegal acts.

Reference:

Guimond, James & Maynard, Keterine. Revenge versus Legality: Wild Justice from Balzac to Clint Eastwood and Abu Ghraib, Routledge. 2010. Print.
Tandt, C, D. Reading Without Maps? Cultural Landmarks in a Post-canonical Age : a Tribute to Gilbert Debusscher, Peter Lang, 2005. Print.
Wald, P. Constituting Americans: Cultural Anxiety and Narrative Form, Duke University Press. 1995. Print.