高中大学essay论文代写例子：The Interactions between Western Cultures and Non-Western Cultures
The Interactions between Western Cultures and Non-Western Cultures
The Industrial Revolution is now known to be one of the most important historic events that had shaped the lives of us in the twenty first century. In fact, the industrialization had begun in the eighteenth century and it had come to the end at the first half of the nineteenth century. The Industrial Revolution had ushered in the new era for human beings to change their old fashioned way of producing products with hands to the new methods of production with machines. The Industrial Revolution had started in the United Kingdom, and due to the invention of a kind of machine tool that is able to produce steam power, the workers in the factories could make use of the machine to manufacture textiles and other products that used to require people to hand make as well.
In fact, a lot of people might have assumed that he industrial revolution had only helped to improve the living standard of the developed and western countries like the United Kingdom as well as France. However, the impact of the Industrial Revolution had passed beyond the boundaries of the nations and the people in non-western countries had been affected in some way as well.
For the interaction between the western cultures and the non-western cultures, the Industrial Revolution had intrigued these two groups of nations to start new cooperation and new interaction. Because of the Industrialization, there were a lot more demands for the western countries to open their market overseas. As a result, the Britain had forced the nation Ottoman to sign a treaty with itself and this treaty is still now known as the Balta-Liman treaty. In fact, the nation Ottoman was not willing to sign such a treaty but the British businessman were complaining that they were not satisfied with the fact that they had to pay so many taxes when they shipped their goods and products into the nation.
However, the nation had agreed to sign the treaty for another reason as well: because it wanted to ruin the nation Egypt by signing the contract which will help the British businessman to move tons of cheap products in Egypt. This treaty is an unfair and an unequal treaty that is forced by the United Kingdom because according to the treaty of Balta-Liman, it is mentioned that the nation should grant the Great Britain with “all rights, privileges and immunities”. What is more, all these “rights, privileges and immunities” that are granted at this moment shall be treated as valid for ever. (175)
Besides, the western nation the Great Britain did not only set rules about the tariff or the taxes that the nation had to pay or the right the United Kingdom shall have in the custom in the treaty, it had also set a lot of unfair rules about how the products shall be “treated” or dealt with in the nation. According to the second article, it is mentioned that all citizens whose nationality is the Great Britain should be allowed to buy anything in any place in the Ottoman Dominions. As the article two had shown that these citizens have such rights “at all places, to purchase all articles and without any exception”. (176)
Clearly, the industrialization had helped the western countries and the non-western countries to have interactions more often. It is obvious that the western cultures such as the United Kingdom are in need of the resources and the cooperation with the non-western cultures more urgently. The reason is that in the United Kingdom, due to the great efficiency of production in the factory, the nation was eagerly in need of opening the new markets for their large amount of products. However, the United Kingdom needed to use their military force to push pressure on the less developed countries.
However, due to the power military force that the western cultures like those nations in Europe as well as the America, they had started to take advantage of the weaker nations to intervene in their national affairs or their judicial system by forcing these nations to sign unfair treaties about how the judicial system in Ottoman shall work.
For example, in the treaty of Balta- Liman between the Great Britain and the Ottoman, it is mentioned that if the local government would do anything to “compel the subjects of Her Britannic Majesty to receive such Permits from the local government”, in this case, it means that government of the nation Ottoman has broken the rules of Treaties. Clearly, Ottoman has its own autonomy and the United Kingdom had no control over the country such it is an independent one. However, it has indirectly imposed controls over the local government of the Ottoman. In fact, it had forced other Asian countries to sign unfair treaties like China as well. In China, the United Kingdom had forced the country to sign the treaty of Nan Jing which had another name called the Treaty of Peace, Friendship and Commerce. Apparently, Britain had shown and pretended to be sincere about forming friendship with these nations while the goal is to take advantage of its less industrialized environment to open new market. In the treaty of Nan Jing, a few ports in China were forced to open by Britain. In the treaty between the United Kingdom and the Ottoman, it has the similar rule which shows that all products that are produced in the UK “should be admitted, as heretofore, into all parts of Ottoman Dominions”. (176)
Obviously, because of the rapid rise of the industrial economies in the western cultures, the developed nations had to use military force or political force to open other new markets to make profits. For the non-western nations, their acceptance of the goods from the highly industrialized nations had helped them to somehow develop their economy. Although the gates of same nations in Africa as well as in Asia were forced open by the western cultures, it also had helped these less developed nations to get familiar with the new values, new ways of managing the nation and so on. For example, in the Sultan Absul Mejid, Imperial Rescript, it is written that the leaders of the organizations or the delegates from other communities that are assigned by the United Kingdom should be required to participate in “the liberations of the Supreme Council of Justice on all occasions which might interest the generality of the subjects of my Empire…” (201)
From this treaty, we can tell that although the western cultures had tried to interfere in the justice council in the nations in Asia and Africa, it has also ended up bringing good methods of managing the nation and improving the laws in these nations. To sum up, the industrialization had improved the frequencies of the interactions between the western nations and the non-western nations because the western cultures needed to open their market by selling their products in other places. However, it had imposed unfair treaties on the less developed countries and intervened in the other nations’ national affairs as well.